Peter Brown Family History

Taxation-Subsidy Rolls - 1524/25 & 1621

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Subsidy rolls for 1524/25:

In the lay subsidy rolls for 1524/25 (See Links- Sussex Record Society http://www.sussexrecordsociety.org/booki.asp?BookId=srs056900&xid=A&xnm=1&an=&ap= ), taxation was levied in general for each of the next four years at 6d in the pound primarily on value of land and income. However there were variations for source of income and levels/sources of assets. In theory everyone aged over 16 earning over £1pa would pay 4d, but is unclear what if any goods were exempt (eg animals). A person was only taxed on one source ie land, goods or wages whichever gave the greater amount and there were a variety of interpretations of levels of income & assets.

The following shown the taxable amounts for Family Group Ancestors of this period. Anyone without a Family Group Reference has not yet been identified on the Family Group Pages.
The exact villages that are included in each 'Hundred' are not clear. Types are G= goods, L=land, W=wages, A=annual wage, P=profit


Place Name
Family Group
Type
Taxable Amount
  Place Name
Family Group
Type
Taxable Amount
RAPE OF LEWES: Hundred of Strete (includes Ardingly, Ditchling, Wiversfield)
  RAPE OF LEWES: Hundred of Lyndefeld Arch
(also known as Burleigh Arches).
  John Burstow (1525) (labourer)
G
£1
    John Brown
BrJ1490
W
£1
  Thomas Brystye
L
£2
    John Brown
W
£1
  John Comber
CmJ1450
G
£2
    William Brown
W
£1
  John Comber
CmJ1450
G
£5
    Thomas Brystye
W
£1
  Alan Fawkenor
G
£20
    Thomas Chaloner
G
£50
  John Fawkenor
G
£5
    Thomas Chaloner (1525)
L
£30
  Roger Fawkenor
G
£4
    Roger Comber
CmJ1450
G
£5
  Thomas Fawkenor
G
£6
    William Comber
CmJ1450
L
£1
  Walter Velvicke (Feldwyke in 1525
FeW1490
G
£5
    Richard Dungate
DuR1480
W
£1
  Thomas Ennefeld (Ingfeld in 1525)
InT1475
G
£20
    Stephen Dungate
G
£5
  John Monke
G
£6 13s 4d
    William Monke
L
£1 6s 8d
  Alexander Payne
PyR1470
G
£4
    John Payne (Weyeur)
W
£1
  Henry Payne
PyT1440
G
£5
    Richard Payne
G
£6
  John Payne
G
£2
    Richard Payne
G
£3
  John Payne
PyT1440
G
£8
    Richard Payne (1525)
G
£2
  John Payne (1525)
L
£1
    Symon Payne
L
£2
  Richard Payne
PyR1470
G
£4
    Thomas Payne
W
£1
  Richard Payne Snr
PyT1440
G
£2
    Thomas Payne
W
£1
  Roger Pakyn!!!
G
£6
    Thomas Payne (1525)
G
£2
   
    Thomas Underhill
W
£1
   
      William Underhill
G
£3
   
       
 
   
  RAPE OF PEVENSEY:  
Hundred of East Grinstead (includes Buxted)
  Hundred of Rotherfield  
  Thomas Browne
G
£2
    John Carpenter
A
£1
  William Browne
G
£10
    Richard Carpenter
G
£2
  John Payne
PyR1460
G
£10
    William Dongate
G
£3
  John Payne the younger
PyR1460
G
£1 6s 8d
    John Gyles
G
£10
East Grinstead-Burgus Edward Payne

 

G
£5
    Thomas Gyles
GiT1500
G
£4
East Grinstead- Grenehurst Richard Dungate
G
£1
  Hundred of Danehill- Horsted Robert Carpenter
G
£2
  Thomas Plaw
G
£5
    Edward Payne
PyJ1480
G
£4
   
     
Balcombe Borough John Comber
CmJ1450
L
£5
  Hundred of Danehill-Sheffield John Payne
PyJ1480
G
£6
  Agnes Faukenour (widow)
G
£5
    Robert Payne
PyJ1480
G
£2
  William Faukenour
G
£6 13s 4d
     
   
  Waldron (Walderne) Borough John Brown (1525)
P
£1
Slaugham Borough Favkenor
W
£1
    Richard Brown (1525
G
£5
   
     
Cuckfield Borough John Chaloner
G
£20
  Hundred of Hartfield James Wekyng
W
£1 6s 8d
  John Fawkenor
G
£5
    Richard Weking
G
£10
  John Fawkenor (1525)
G
£4
     
  John Fawkenor (1525)
G
£5
  Chiddingly Borough William Brown
G
£2
  John Payne
G
£4
    William Fawkenor
G
£15
   
       
 
   
       
 
RAPE OF BAMBER:  
  RAPE OF HASTINGS:  
 
Hundred of West Grinstead John Daniel
G
£2
  Hundred of Hawkesbergh (includes Burwash & Warbleton)
   
    John Brown
W
£1 6s 8d
Horsham Borough East St John Dungate
G
£2
    John Brown
W
£1
Horsham Borough South St William Daniel
G
£6 13s 4d
    Richard Brown
G
£12
   
      Robert Brown
G
£2
   
      Robert Brown
G
£3
   
     
 

 

Subsidy Rolls for 1621:

SUBSIDY ROLL, COLLECTED WITHIN THE RAPE OF LEWES, 19 JAMES L, A.D. 1621.


COMMUNICATED BY W. S. ELLIS, Esq.1
****** Certificate indented made the xxth dpye of September, in the nyneteenth veer of the rayne of the moste gracious Sonvraigne Lord Jeames, by the grace of God of Englande, Ffrance, and Scotlande Kynge, Defender of the Faith, &c, and of Scotlande the five and fiftieth, witnesseth that wee, Sir Walter Covert, Sir Edward Culpeper, knightes, and Richard Amherst, Esquire, Commissioners amongst others assigned by our Souvraigne Lord the tinge, in the said Countye of Sussex, for the assessinge, taxeing, and levienge of the first paiem* of the seconde subsedye granted to our said Souvraigne Lord Kinge Jeames, of the layetie, by Acte of Parliamente, in the eighteenth yeere of his Ma,ies raigne, have executed that service within the said Rape of Lewes, in the said Countye of Sussex, wdl said Rape wee have assigned and nominated John Stapley, of Twyneham, gent., high collector for the wholle taxacon of the said Rape, and have taken his obligation for answeringe the money apointed to his collection to the use of our said Souvraigne Lorde the Kinsre, accordinge to the forme of the saide Acte.

The following shown the taxable amounts for Family Group Ancestors of this period. All amounts refer to value of "Lands" except where shown. Tax was normally due at the rate of one fifteenth.

Place Name Family Group
Taxable Amount
  Place Name Family Group
Taxable Amount
West Hoathly Katherine Engfield (widow)  
£40 5s 4d
  Cuckfield William Faukener  
£40 5s 4d
  Richard Engfield  
£6 16s 0d
       
  Abel Browne  
£30 4 s 0d
  Worth John Balcombe  
£3 5s 0d (goods)
  John Browne  
£20 2s 8d
       
  Thomas Browne  
£30 3s 4d
  Balcombe John Faukener (senior)  
£40 5s 4d
  William Feldwyke  
£6 8s 0d
    John Faukener (junior)  
£4 10s 8d
  Philip Comber  
£4 6s 8d (goods)
       
     
       
     
       
     
       

 

The Book of John Rowe (Sussex Record Society) under the manor of Plumpton, 1597 records: Auncyent freeholdes within the Bedlewycke of Plompton Buskage, http://www.sussexrecordsociety.org/booki.asp?BookId=srs034900&xid=A&xnm=1&an=&ap=

This book covers for areas around Lewes details of 'fines' or 'Relief' due on succession or alienation and 'heriot' due on death. More details can be obtained from the introduction to the book.

  1. William Feldweke for a yard land called Feldwekes and for lands called Nicholls and Homewoods Xs ijd
  2. Richard Infeild, gent, for a tenement and parcel of land called Rowe Giffords, hiett and relief it payeth none Vs.
  3. Abell Browne for a yard of land called the Combe xiiijs jd
  4. Henry Payne for half a yard of land called Ludwell xxvjs viijd for relief and herryott ech

 

Hearth Tax

The hearth tax was levied between 1662 and 1689 on each householder according to the number of hearths in his or her dwelling. Details can be found at http://www.hearthtax.org.uk/. In particular a) the Kent list and b) the Surrey List