Peter Brown Family History

Richard Underhill (c1515) & Ellen

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General History

Richard Underhill & Ellen were one of my 12th generation ancestors.

Key Dates:

  • c1515: Richard Underhill born
  • c1552: first child born
  • c1557: Richard Underhill married Ellen
  • c1572: last child born
  • 1576: Richard Underhill died
  • 1580: Ellen Underhill died

Richard Underhill was born around 1515 and was possibly the son of John Underhill & Agnes (but he could have been the son of Richard Underhill 1490). He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1539. He married and had two children (1-2). He secondly married Ellen in about 1557 and they had eight children (3-10). Richard was mentioned in brother Thomas Underhill's 'Will' of 1563 as Overseer. Richard was probably buried on 14th July 1576 in Lingfield, Surrey.

Ellen's birth details are unknown. Ellen was buried on 13th January 1580 (shown as Helene, 'a widow'). Ellen left a 'Will' dated 8th January 1580' (but does not name her husband so this parentage may be incorrect).

Children Returns to 'Top of Page'

Richard had ten children.

Peter Joan Richard Agnes Clemence Edward Thomas Mary Samuel Elizabeth
  1. Peter Underhill was born about 1552. He was mentioned in Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her husbands son. He married Joan Cheverton on 10th May 1584 in Lingfield, Surrey. Joan was buried there 6th May 1630 ('wife of Peter', but unnamed). Peter was buried 30th May 1633 in Lingfield, Surrey. Peter & Joan had at least four children.
    1. Joan Underhill was baptised on 8th November 1586 in Lingfield, Surrey (dau of Peter)
    2. William Underhill was baptised on 6th April 1589 in Lingfield, Surrey (son of Peter) and was buried there on 8th April 1589 ('son of Peter').
    3. Mary Underhill was baptised on 13th April 1595 in Lingfield, Surrey (dau of Peter)
    4. William Underhill was buried on 6th February 1609 in Lingfield, Surrey ('son of Peter').
  2. Joan Underhill was born about 1554 She was mentioned in Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her husbands daughter and inherited a sheet that was her mothers.
  3. Richard Underhill was baptised on 3rd August 1561 in Lingfield, Surrey. He was mentioned in his mother Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her son and Executor. He possibly married firstly Joan Giles. Details of Richard Underhill & Joan are shown separately as they are direct ancestors.
  4. Agnes Underhill was born about 1562, probably in Lingfield, Surrey. She was mentioned in her mother Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her daughter and as being under 20. She was mentioned in her brother Samuel Underhill's 'Will' of 1629 as 'sister Agnes Shouwty'. Agnes had two children Mary & Joan both of whom were mentioned in Samuel Underhill's 'Will' of 1629.
  5. Clemence Underhill was born about 1564, probably in Lingfield, Surrey. She was mentioned in her mother Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her daughter and as being under 20.
  6. Edward Underhill was baptised on 23rd April 1565 in Lingfield, Surrey. He was mentioned in his mother Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her son and Executor. He married Joan. Joan was buried there on 12th October 1613 (wife of Edward of Prickenham). Edward was buried on 29th April 1637 ( Edward of Prickenham). Edward & Joan had nine children (only father shown as Edward).
    1. Joane Underhill was baptised on 13th February 1592 in Lingfield, Surrey
    2. Richard Underhill was baptised on 9th May 1596 in Lingfield, Surrey
    3. Thomas Underhill was buried on 4th October 1613 in Lingfield, Surrey ('son of Edward of Prickeham')
    4. Katherine Underhill was baptised on 15th May 1597 in Lingfield, Surrey (no parents shown)
    5. Mercy Underhill (Mercie) was baptised on 13th August 1598 in Lingfield, Surrey.
    6. William Underhill was baptised on 3rd February 1600 in Lingfield, Surrey.
    7. Anne Underhill was baptised on 22nd November 1601 in Lingfield, Surrey.
    8. John Underhill was baptised on 17th November 1602 in Lingfield, Surrey.
    9. George Underhill was baptised on 8th March 1607 in Lingfield, Surrey. He was mentioned in his uncle Samuel Underhill's 'Will' of 1629 as 'George, my godson, son of brother Edward'. He married Joan Driver. Details of George Underhill & Joan Driver are shown separately.
  7. Thomas Underhill was born about 1566, probably in Lingfield, Surrey. He was mentioned in his mother Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her son and as being under 20. He probably married Margaret Adott on 21st April 1594 in Southwark, London. Thomas left a 'Will' that was dated 8th April 1620 and he was buried on 5th April 1622 in Lingfield, Surrey (Thomas of Linehouse). In the 'Will' he is described as a 'Tanner' and lived at 'Lyne House'. Margaret was mentioned in her husband's 'Will' of 1620 and was Executor. Thomas & Margaret had thirteen children.
    1. Margaret Underhill was born about 1597, probably in Lingfield, Surrey. She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1620.
    2. Thomas Underhill was baptised on 19th August 1599 in Lingfield, Surrey. He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1620 and was Executor.
    3. Joan Underhill (Joane) was baptised on 26th April 1601 in Lingfield, Surrey. (assumed died as not mentioned in the 'Will')
    4. Elizabeth Underhill was born about 1602, probably in Lingfield, Surrey. She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1620 as being under 21.
    5. Francis Underhill was baptised on 24th April 1603 in Lingfield, Surrey. He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1620 as being under 21.
    6. John Underhill was baptised on 24th February 1605 in Lingfield, Surrey (son of Thomas of Linehouse). He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1620 as being under 21.
    7. Agneta Underhill was baptised on 28th January 1607 (of LyneHouse) and she was buried there on 28th January 1607 (Angenta of Limehouse).
    8. Anna Underhill was baptised on 3rd January 1608 in Lingfield, Surrey (dau of Thomas of Crowhurst). She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1620 as being under 21. She was mentioned in her uncle Samuel Underhill's 'Will' of 1629 as 'Anne, child of brother Thomas' (under 21)
    9. Richard Underhill was baptised on 14th January 1610 in Lingfield, Surrey (son of Thomas of Lynch). He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1620 as being under 21. He was mentioned in his uncle Samuel Underhill's 'Will' of 1629 as 'Richard, child of brother Thomas' (under 21).
    10. Maria Underhill was baptised on 22nd March 1612 in Lingfield, Surrey (dau of Thomas of Linehouse) and she was possibly buried there on 18th January 1620, 'Mary daughter of Thomas of Vine'.
    11. Joan Underhill was baptised on 6th February 1614 in Lingfield, Surrey (dau of Thomas of Linehouse). She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1620 as being under 21 (parish register shows name as Jane).
    12. Mercy Underhill was baptised on 12th May 1616 in Lingfield, Surrey. She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1620 as being under 21. She was mentioned in her uncle Samuel Underhill's 'Will' of 1629 as 'Mary! (or maybe Mercy), child of brother Thomas' (under 21)
  8. Mary Underhill was baptised on 7th March 1568 in Lingfield, Surrey. She was mentioned in her mother Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her daughter and as being under 20.
  9. Samuel Underhill was baptised on 24th May 1573 in Lingfield, Surrey. He was mentioned in his mother Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her son and as being under 20. He later moved to Cowden, Kent. He married Margery Woodgate on 16th November 1615 in Cowden, Kent (shown as Samual Vndrell). He was Overseer to William Wicking's 'Will' of 1620 in Cowden. Samuel left a 'Will' that was dated 20th June 1629 and was shown of Cowden.
  10. Elizabeth Underhill was baptised on 1st April 1576 in Lingfield, Surrey. She was mentioned in her mother Ellen Underhill's 'Will' of 1581 as being her daughter and as being under 20. She was mentioned in her brother Samuel Underhill's 'Will' of 1629 as 'sister Elizabeth now wife of John Grene'.

Personal History Returns to 'Top of Page'

General history of Underhills & Lingfield

A larger version of this map can be found here.

In the fifteenth century Underhills held a croft within Hedgecourt Manor. (see bottom left of map). In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, several generations of the Underhill family are known to have been tanners; the families lived at White House Farm, Baldwins Hill, Lingfield (now known as Cromwell Hall off the Felcourt road).
Baldwins Hill and Frith Manor are right on the Surrey/Sussex border to East Grinstead, with East Grinstead town centre being less than 2km south which is why parish registrations oscilatted so much. Frith manor was less than 0.5km from Baldwins Hill with Felcourt being about 2km distant. Puttenden Manor is much more distant from these three locations (say 10km-see top of map) and Limehouse was probably about 5km distant at the edge of Lingfield village.
Old maps indicate the presence of Lime kilns used by farmers, as do names of fields and woods. In the Lingfield area they are shown at the entrance to Weir Courtney along Blackberry Lane (about 0.5 km north east Whitehouse) , at the Workhouse site in Newchapel Road, in 1730, plus another further along, also near the entrance to Lyne House Farm (1877 - this may mean the name is a corruption of “Lime”).
The manor of Sterborough alias Prinkham was held of the Abbot of Battle and probably originally formed part of the abbey's manor of Limpsfield. Prinkham House and Prinkham Cottages are left of Old Forge on Moor Lane –Marsh Green Road. This is located on the surrey/kent border, just north of the sussex border.

Verification & Concerns Returns to 'Top of Page'

  1. There are a number of name variations in the parish records (Underhill, Underill,Undrill, Undririll, Undirill, Undrell, Vndrell, Hunderhill)
  2. Athough the details of the individual entries are correct, and the children are born to the named parents, a rigorous analysis has not yet been undertaken to ensure that the correct family heads are with the appropriate children (ie if there was a choice of father's called 'William' the wrong one may have been used).Therefore this structure should only be viewed as indicative.
  3. Samuel Underhill 'will' of 1629 also mentions a William son of brother Thomas.
Documents Returns to 'Top of Page'

Wills:

  1. Ellen Underhill (Family ref top) left a 'Will' that was dated 8th January 1580 and was proved on 29th March 1581 (ref LMA-DW/PA/ 05/1581/019). The link is to an Abstract & a Copy of the Will. The 'Will' mentions her sons Peter (husbands son), Richard (executor), Edward (executor), Thomas (under 20), Samuel (under 20); her daughters Joan (husbands daughter), Agnes, Clemence, Mary, Elizabeth ( last four all under 20 & unmarried); her brother in law Nicholas Saxby (overseer & witness); Others were Thomas Gaynsford (overseer & witness). Witnesses were Robert Sprat
  2. Thomas Underhill (Family ref 7) left a 'Will' that was dated 8th April 1620 and was proved on 5th July 1622 (ref LMA-DW/PA/ 05/1622/105 ). The link is to an Abstract & a Copy of the Will.. The 'Will' mentions his Wife: Margaret (executor) ; his sons Thomas (executor), Francis, John, Richard, (last three all under 21); his daughters Margaret, Elizabeth, Ann, Joan, Mercy ( last four all under 21). Overseer was John Underhill of Easthampstead, Berks. Witnesses were William Rice, Richard Scrafton (also overseer) . Thomas is described as a 'Tanner' and lived at 'Lyne House.'
  3. Samuel Underhill (Family ref 9) left a 'Will' that was dated 20th June 1629 and was proved on 26th June 1629 (ref PCC Prob 11/156/49). The link is to a copy of the Will.. The 'Will' mentions his wife Margery; his brothers Edward, Thomas ; his sisters Agnes Shouwty!, Elizabeth (wife of John Grene!); his nephews/Nieces: George Underhill (son of brother Edward- under 21), Richard, William, Mary, Anne (children of brother Thomas all under 21); Mary & Joan Shouwty (daughters of sister Agnes); Edward Underhill (executor & residual beneficiary, but was also shown as servant to Samuel). Others were William Allen (overseer). Witnesses were Robert Sharpe, John Bartlett.
  4. Margaret Underhill (Family ref 6 x - not sure which one) left a 'Will' that was dated 17th September 1678 and was proved on 20th February 1679 (ref PCC Prob 11/359/278). The link is to a copy of the Will.. The 'Will' mentions her Brother in law George Underhill ; her Nephews John Underhill (son of George), George, William & Edward Underhill (brothers of John- edward being youngest); her kinsmen William Young of Goudhurst (plus his daughter Susan & his son John); John Ab.. of Sevenoaks; Christopher Knight of Chiddingstone, his wife Dorothy and son John; John Kippitt, his son Edward and daughter Elizabeth; John Statry!. . Witnesses were Edward Stanford, John Burgis, Stephen Arnold.
Sources Returns to 'Top of Page'
  1. Sussex Record Society -  East Grinstead Parish Registers 1558-1661:
  2. Surrey parish register - Crowhurst, Lingfield, Horne
  3. Sussex parish register - East Grinstead, Hartfield, Worth, Withyham
  4. Kent parish Register - Cowden
  5. Sussex Marriage Index CD
  6. Surrey Marriage index CD
  7. Surrey Wills Abstracts
  8. Sussex Record Society – Marriage Licenses at Lewes 1586-1642,1670-1732, 1772-1837 (Volumes 1, 6, 25,26)
  9. Lewes Will Microfilm
  10. Sussex Family History Group - Baptism & Burial records
  11. IGI (International Genealogical Index: Latter-day Saints) - batches of parish records: see LINKS-Research Web sites