Peter Brown Family History

John Underhill (c1490) & Agnes

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General History

John Underhill & Agnes were one of my 13th generation ancestors.

Key Dates:

  • c1490: John Underhill born
  • c1511: first child born
  • c1525: last child born
  • 1540: John Underhill died

John Underhill was born around 1490 probably in Lingfield, Surrey. He was the son of Richard Underhill. In 1503 he is shown in the early court rolls for Hedgecourt to be the son and heir of Richard Underhill. He married Agnes in about 1510. John left a 'Will' dated 16th October 1539 in which he was described as a 'Tanner' and sick and he died in 1540. Agnes was mentioned in the 'Will' which was actually witnessed by another John Underhill and Richard Underhill, probably brother Richard & his son John.

Children Returns to 'Top of Page'

John Underhill & Agnes had eight known children

John Edward Richard Joan Simon William Thomas Francis
  1. John Underhill was born around 1511. He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1539 (as Overseer) and he was mentioned in his brother Edward's 'Will' of 1558 (as Overseer & witness).The tenant names that appear in the records for Hedgecourt manor between 1560 and 1570 include John Underhill snr and John Underhill jnr. John was possibly buried on 7th March 1586 in Lingfield, Surrey ('old'). He had at least one child, but probably more.
    1. John Underhill was born around 1540 probably in Lingfield, Surrey. His wife was buried on 24th December 1597 in Lingfield, Surrey. ('Wife of John of Baldens Hill). John maybe had seven children (but some of these may relate to another John).
      1. Margery Underhill was baptised on 10th September 1561 in Lingfield, Surrey (daughter of John) and she was buried there on 17th December 1561 ('daughter of John').
      2. Ano Underhill (shown as ...eis, daughter of John) was baptised on 7th February 1565 in Lingfield, Surrey
      3. William Underhill was buried on 16th September 1566 in Lingfield, Surrey ('son of John of Baldens Hill')
      4. Mary Underhill was baptised on 9th March 1569 in Lingfield, Surrey ( dau of John of Blackberry Street)
      5. John Underhill was baptised on 25th November 1571 in Lingfield, Surrey ( son of John of Blackberry St). He was possibly buried there on 5th October 1580 (' of Blackbury Street)
      6. Paul Underhill was baptised on 2nd February 1576 in Lingfield, Surrey (son of John of Blackberrie Street).
      7. Margaret Underhill was baptised on 19th March 1581 in Lingfield, Surrey ( dau of John of Blackbury Street)
  2. Edward Underhill was born around 1513 and was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1539 and was Executor for the 'Will'. He married Margaret in about 1541. Edward left a 'Will' in which he was described as a 'Tanner' and was dated 13th October 1558 and Edward died in 1558. Edward and Margaret (she was mentioned in his 'Will' of 1559) had six children.
    1. Margaret Underhill was born around 1542. She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1558 (as being under 18).
    2. Elizabeth Underhill was born around 1544. She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1558 (as being under 18).
    3. Edward Underhill was born around 1546 and was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1558 (as being under 21). He married Joan Dane. Details of Edward Underhill & Joan Dane are are shown separately.
    4. Thomasine Underhill was born around 1548. She was mentioned in her father's Will of 1558 (as being under 18). She probably married Thomas Holloway on 16th November 1574 in Crowhurst, Surrey.
    5. Joan Underhill was born around 1550. She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1558 (as being under 18). She possibly married Richard Cox (Coxe) in September 1572 in East Grinstead, Sussex.
    6. Agnes Underhill was born around 1552. She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1558 (as being under 18).
  3. Richard Underhill was born around 1515 and was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1539. He married Ellen. Details of Richard Underhill & Ellen are are shown separately as they are diect ancestors
  4. Joan Underhill was born around 1517 . She was mentioned in her father's 'Will' of 1539.
  5. Simon Underhill was born around 1519. He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1539 and he was mentioned in his brother Edward's 'Will' of 1558.
  6. William Underhill was born around 1521. He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1539 (as being under 21). He was possibly buried on 27th October 1585 in East Grinstead ('William Senior'). (Note: Where are details of William Junior ?)
  7. Thomas Underhill was born around 1523. He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1539 (as being under 21) and he was mentioned in his brother Edward's 'Will' of 1558 (as Overseer & witness). He married Joan Plaw (or Plawe) on 26th April 1562 in Lingfield, Surrey (daughter of William Plaw). Thomas left a 'Will' which was dated 23rd April 1563 and he died in 1563. His wife Joan was pregnant at the time of death but there is no confirmation of birth or name of child.
  8. Francis Underhill was born around 1525. He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1539 (as being under 21) and he was mentioned in his brother Edward's 'Will' of 1558 (as children's guardian). He probably married Julia. Francis left a 'Will' proved on 31st October 1583 and he was buried on 4th October 1583 in Lingfield, Surrey. He had maybe possibly three children.
    1. Francis Underhill was born around 1560 probably in Lingfield, Surrey. (derived)(NOTE: This is probably incorrect as no son Francis mentioned in his Will)
      1. Mercy Underhill was baptised on 18th April 1596 in Lingfield, Surrey (dau of Francis).
      2. Thomas Underhill was baptised on 4th March 1599 in Lingfield, Surrey (son of Francis).
    2. Joan Underhill (Joane) was baptised on 29th September 1565 in Lingfield, Surrey.
    3. Thomas Underhill was baptised on 17th November 1566 in Lingfield, Surrey. He was mentioned in his father's 'Will' of 1583. He possibly married Anne Clifton. Details of Thomas Underhill & Anne Clifton are are shown separately

Personal History Returns to 'Top of Page'

General history of Underhills & Lingfield

A larger version of this map can be found here.

In the fifteenth century Underhills held a croft within Hedgecourt Manor. (see bottom left of map). In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, several generations of the Underhill family are known to have been tanners; the families lived at White House Farm, Baldwins Hill, Lingfield (now known as Cromwell Hall off the Felcourt road).
Baldwins Hill and Frith Manor are right on the Surrey/Sussex border to East Grinstead, with East Grinstead town centre being less than 2km south which is why parish registrations oscilatted so much. Frith manor was less than 0.5km from Baldwins Hill with Felcourt being about 2km distant. Puttenden Manor is much more distant from these three locations (say 10km-see top of map) and Limehouse was probably about 5km distant at the edge of Lingfield village.
Old maps indicate the presence of Lime kilns used by farmers, as do names of fields and woods. In the Lingfield area they are shown at the entrance to Weir Courtney along Blackberry Lane (about 0.5 km north east Whitehouse) , at the Workhouse site in Newchapel Road, in 1730, plus another further along, also near the entrance to Lyne House Farm (1877 - this may mean the name is a corruption of “Lime”).
The manor of Sterborough alias Prinkham was held of the Abbot of Battle and probably originally formed part of the abbey's manor of Limpsfield. Prinkham House and Prinkham Cottages are left of Old Forge on Moor Lane –Marsh Green Road. This is located on the surrey/kent border, just north of the sussex border.

 

Verification & Concerns Returns to 'Top of Page'

  1. There are a number of name variations in the parish records (Underhill, Underill,Undrill, Undririll, Undirill, Undrell, Vndrell, Hunderhill)
  2. The correct naming of 'Baldens Hill' is 'Baldwins Hill' which was the site of a Tannery in Lingfield and where many generations of Underhills lived.
  3. Athough the details of the individual entries are correct, and the children are born to the named parents, a rigorous analysis has not yet been undertaken to ensure that the correct family heads are with the appropriate children (ie if there was a choice of father's called 'William' the wrong one may have been used).Therefore this structure should only be viewed as indicative.
Documents Returns to 'Top of Page'

Wills:

  1. John Underhill (Family ref top) left a Will that was dated 16th October 1539 was proved on 30th April 1540 and in which he was described as a 'Tanner' (ref LMA-DW/PA/ ????????) . The link is to an Abstract of the Will. The 'Will' mentions his wife Agnes; his sons John (overseer), Richard, Simon, Edward, William (under 21), Thomas (under 21, Francis (under 21) ; his daughter Joan. Others were Edmund Allfrey & son John Allfrey, servant Alice Constable. Witnesses were George Rydley; Morgan Wallwyn; John U.;  Richard U.
  2. Edward Underhill (Family ref 2) left a 'Will' that was dated 13th October 1558 and was proved on 24th January 1559 and in which he was described as a 'Tanner' (ref LMA-DW/PA/ 05/1558/280). The link is to an Abstract & a Copy of the Will. The 'Will' mentions his wife Margaret, his son Edward; his brothers Francis, Simon, John (overseer), Thomas (overseer); his daughters: Margaret, Elizabeth, Thamasine, Joan & Agnes (all under 18 and unmarried). Witnesses: John Underhill; Thomas Underhill; Harry Jamys.
  3. Thomas Underhill (Family ref 7) left a 'Will' that was dated 23rd April 1563 and was proved in 1563.(ref LMA-DW/PA/ 05/1563/060). The link is to an Abstract & a Copy of the Will. The 'Will' mentions his Wife: Joan Plawe daughter of William Plawe ; his brother Richard (overseer). Others were Thomas Beast, George Mills, Thomas Knolden, John Hedd
  4. Francis Underhill (Family ref 8) left a 'Will' that was proved on 31st October 1583.(ref PCC Prob 11/66/31). The link is to a copy of the Will. The 'Will' mentions his wife Julia (executor); his son Thomas; his godsons Thomas Underhill of Grinstead, Richard Underhill; Other were Edward Underhill

Archives:

  1. Francis Underhill: (Family ref 8 A): Buckhurst Terrier:
    In 1598 on a survey of the Manor of Imberhorne, Francis Underill holds by copy dated (blank) field called "Picketts field" (6 acres), part of the tenement at Weane - rent 6d
  2. Francis Underhill: (Family ref 8 A): Fine  SAS-B/386  1594: These documents are held at East Sussex Record Office
    Contents:  Between Francis Underhill, querent, and Edward Duffeld and Agnes his wife, Benjamin Duffeld and Marian his wife, and Judith Duffeld, widow, deforciants, of a messuage, barn, garden and 3 acres of land in Estgrynsted. Easter term, 36 Elitz



Sources Returns to 'Top of Page'
  1. Sussex Record Society -  East Grinstead Parish Registers 1558-1661:
  2. Surrey parish register - Crowhurst, Lingfield, Horne
  3. Sussex parish register - East Grinstead, Hartfield, Worth, Withyham
  4. Kent parish Register - Cowden
  5. Sussex Marriage Index CD
  6. Surrey Marriage index CD
  7. Surrey Wills Abstracts
  8. Sussex Record Society – Marriage Licenses at Lewes 1586-1642,1670-1732, 1772-1837 (Volumes 1, 6, 25,26)
  9. Lewes Will Microfilm
  10. Sussex Family History Group - Baptism & Burial records
  11. IGI (International Genealogical Index: Latter-day Saints) - batches of parish records: see LINKS-Research Web sites